Mongolia News

Would you like to access news/blog content published by sources located in Mongolia?

Code example

# If you'd like to do a POST request then call endpoint:
http://localhost:8090/api/v1/article/getArticles
Body:
            
            {
    "sourceLocationUri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolia",
    "resultType": "articles",
    "apiKey": "API_KEY"
}
        
# If you'd like instead to do a GET request then call:
http://localhost:8090/api/v1/article/getArticles?sourceLocationUri=http%3A%2F%2Fen.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FMongolia&resultType=articles&apiKey=API_KEY

Example of JSON response

Below is an example JSON object that you would receive as the result of the request. You can retrieve also additional properties such as concepts, categories, source details, etc. by specifying additional parameters in the request as described on the documentation page.

            
            {
  "articles": {
    "results": [
      {
        "uri": "7278964009",
        "lang": "eng",
        "isDuplicate": false,
        "date": "2022-11-27",
        "time": "09:12:00",
        "dateTime": "2022-11-27T09:12:00Z",
        "dateTimePub": "2022-11-27T09:11:00Z",
        "dataType": "news",
        "sim": 0,
        "url": "https://montsame.mn/en/read/308669",
        "title": "Mongolian President's State Visit to China Starts",
        "body": "Tomorrow, on November 28, President U. Khurelsukh will hold official talks with his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping. The meetings are also scheduled to be held with the country's Premier Li Keqiang and Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Li Zhanshu.\n\n2 days",
        "source": {
          "uri": "montsame.mn",
          "dataType": "news",
          "title": "MONTSAME News Agency"
        },
        "authors": [],
        "concepts": [
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xi_Jinping",
            "type": "person",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Xi Jinping"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_language",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Chinese language"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chairman_of_the_Standing_Committee_of_the_National_People's_Congress",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 1,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Zhanshu",
            "type": "person",
            "score": 1,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Li Zhanshu"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Premier_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 1,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Premier of the People's Republic of China"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Keqiang",
            "type": "person",
            "score": 1,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Li Keqiang"
            }
          }
        ],
        "categories": [
          {
            "uri": "dmoz/Health/Fitness/Advice_and_Guides",
            "label": "dmoz/Health/Fitness/Advice and Guides",
            "wgt": 9
          },
          {
            "uri": "dmoz/Business/Agriculture_and_Forestry/Trade_Shows",
            "label": "dmoz/Business/Agriculture and Forestry/Trade Shows",
            "wgt": 10
          },
          {
            "uri": "dmoz/Computers/Organizations/Committees",
            "label": "dmoz/Computers/Organizations/Committees",
            "wgt": 11
          },
          {
            "uri": "dmoz/Science/Agriculture/Conferences",
            "label": "dmoz/Science/Agriculture/Conferences",
            "wgt": 10
          },
          {
            "uri": "dmoz/Science/Earth_Sciences/Conferences",
            "label": "dmoz/Science/Earth Sciences/Conferences",
            "wgt": 14
          },
          {
            "uri": "news/Politics",
            "label": "news/Politics",
            "wgt": 60
          }
        ],
        "image": "https://montsame.mn/files/63831f4d22a15.jpeg",
        "eventUri": null,
        "sentiment": 0.003921568627450966,
        "wgt": 407236320,
        "relevance": 1
      },
      {
        "uri": "7277205218",
        "lang": "eng",
        "isDuplicate": false,
        "date": "2022-11-25",
        "time": "09:14:00",
        "dateTime": "2022-11-25T09:14:00Z",
        "dateTimePub": "2022-11-25T09:14:00Z",
        "dataType": "news",
        "sim": 0.6313725709915161,
        "url": "https://montsame.mn/en/read/308674",
        "title": "Mongolian Ambassador meets Vice Foreign Minister of China",
        "body": "Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/. On November 22, 2022, the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Mongolia to the Republic of China T. Badral met with the Vice Foreign Minister of China Sun Weidong.\n\nExtending congratulations on the successful conclusion of the 20th CPC National Congress, Ambassador T. Badral said \"Mongolia attaches importance to China's future domestic and foreign policies formalized by the 20th CPC National Congress and President Xi Jinping's recent important visits. Mongolia is ready to actively support the Global Development Initiative, the Global Security Initiative, and the vision of a community with a shared future for mankind proposed by President Xi Jinping, further deepening the bilateral relationship and making it a model of neighboring relations. President of Mongolia Khurelsukh's upcoming visit to China shortly after the conclusion of the 20th CPC National Congress fully demonstrates the great importance both sides attach to Mongolia-China relations\".\n\nHe also mentioned that he expects and believes that this visit will further enhance the friendship and mutual trust between the two countries, advance pragmatic cooperation in various fields on all fronts and elevate bilateral relations to a new level.\n\nVice Foreign Minister of China Sun Weidong said, \"At the invitation of President Xi Jinping, Mongolian President U. Khurelsukh will soon pay a state visit to China, which is of great significance to the development of China-Mongolia relations. China warmly welcomes and attaches great importance to the visit, and stands ready to work with Mongolia to ensure the full success of the visit and work for the new development of the China-Mongolia comprehensive strategic partnership\"\n\nHe stressed that with the grand blueprint of comprehensively advancing national rejuvenation through the path of Chinese modernization, China will uphold world peace and promote common development, and stay committed to promoting a community with a shared future for humans. This will bring new opportunities for the common development of all countries and China-Mongolia relations.",
        "source": {
          "uri": "montsame.mn",
          "dataType": "news",
          "title": "MONTSAME News Agency"
        },
        "authors": [],
        "concepts": [
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Communist_Party",
            "type": "org",
            "score": 5,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Chinese Communist Party"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Congress",
            "type": "org",
            "score": 5,
            "label": {
              "eng": "United States Congress"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolia",
            "type": "loc",
            "score": 5,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Mongolia"
            },
            "location": {
              "type": "country",
              "label": {
                "eng": "Mongolia"
              }
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xi_Jinping",
            "type": "person",
            "score": 4,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Xi Jinping"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China",
            "type": "loc",
            "score": 4,
            "label": {
              "eng": "China"
            },
            "location": {
              "type": "country",
              "label": {
                "eng": "China"
              }
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sun_Weidong",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 3,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Sun Weidong"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_Mongolia",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 3,
            "label": {
              "eng": "President of Mongolia"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulaanbaatar",
            "type": "loc",
            "score": 3,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Ulaanbaatar"
            },
            "location": {
              "type": "place",
              "label": {
                "eng": "Ulaanbaatar"
              },
              "country": {
                "type": "country",
                "label": {
                  "eng": "Mongolia"
                }
              }
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreign_Minister_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 3,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreign_policy",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 3,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Foreign policy"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilateralism",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 3,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Bilateralism"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_peace",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 1,
            "label": {
              "eng": "World peace"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_visit",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 1,
            "label": {
              "eng": "State visit"
            }
          }
        ],
        "categories": [
          {
            "uri": "dmoz/Society/Religion_and_Spirituality/Falun_Dafa",
            "label": "dmoz/Society/Religion and Spirituality/Falun Dafa",
            "wgt": 100
          },
          {
            "uri": "news/Politics",
            "label": "news/Politics",
            "wgt": 63
          }
        ],
        "image": "https://montsame.mn/files/6380325b15631.jpeg",
        "eventUri": "eng-8205674",
        "sentiment": 0.5058823529411764,
        "wgt": 407063640,
        "relevance": 1
      },
      {
        "uri": "7277147222",
        "lang": "eng",
        "isDuplicate": false,
        "date": "2022-11-25",
        "time": "08:11:00",
        "dateTime": "2022-11-25T08:11:00Z",
        "dateTimePub": "2022-11-25T08:10:00Z",
        "dataType": "news",
        "sim": 0,
        "url": "https://montsame.mn/en/read/308689",
        "title": "The HU named UNESCO Artist for Peace",
        "body": "Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/. This Friday, 25 November, Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of UNESCO, will name the Mongolian heavy metal band The HU as UNESCO Artist for Peace at a ceremony at the Organization's Headquarters.\n\nAudrey Azoulay had already met the eight members of The HU group during her official visit to Mongolia in August 2022. Their musical style and ideas immediately resonated with UNESCO's values and work.\n\nFounded in 2016 in Ulaanbaatar, The HU, which has thousands of fans around the world, has created a unique musical genre they call \"Hunnu Rock.\" It fuses rock and heavy metal with styles of traditional Mongolian music, such as the art of Khöömei (throat singing), the tsuur flute, and the Morin Khuur (horse-headed fiddle), all of which have been inscribed by UNESCO on the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.\n\nIn naming the group, The HU as Artist for Peace on Friday, the Director-General recognizes the group's role in promoting and transmitting this heritage. In return, they will pledge to act as spokespersons for UNESCO's programs in this field, participating in events and relaying the Organization's messages.\n\n\"HU\" corresponds to the root of the word \"human being\" in the Mongolian language. With this name, the group claims their humanist commitment. Through their music, they address the themes of gender equality, respect for difference, and the importance of protecting nature. They also promote linguistic diversity by using endangered regional dialects.\n\nIn recognition of their worldwide success and their contribution to the promotion of Mongolian culture, the members of The HU were awarded the Cultural Envoy of Mongolia certificate in 2019, and the Order of Genghis Khan, the highest state award, in 2020.",
        "source": {
          "uri": "montsame.mn",
          "dataType": "news",
          "title": "MONTSAME News Agency"
        },
        "authors": [],
        "concepts": [
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hu",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 5,
            "label": {
              "eng": "The Hu"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNESCO",
            "type": "org",
            "score": 5,
            "label": {
              "eng": "UNESCO"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Audrey_Azoulay",
            "type": "person",
            "score": 5,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Audrey Azoulay"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulaanbaatar",
            "type": "loc",
            "score": 4,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Ulaanbaatar"
            },
            "location": {
              "type": "place",
              "label": {
                "eng": "Ulaanbaatar"
              },
              "country": {
                "type": "country",
                "label": {
                  "eng": "Mongolia"
                }
              }
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heavy_metal_music",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 4,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Heavy metal music"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolia",
            "type": "loc",
            "score": 4,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Mongolia"
            },
            "location": {
              "type": "country",
              "label": {
                "eng": "Mongolia"
              }
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overtone_singing",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 3,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Overtone singing"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsuur",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Tsuur"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolian_script",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Mongolian script"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morin_khuur",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Morin khuur"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masterpieces_of_the_Oral_and_Intangible_Heritage_of_Humanity",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flute",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Flute"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiddle",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Fiddle"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_genre",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Music genre"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Mongolia",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 1,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Culture of Mongolia"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolian_language",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 1,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Mongolian language"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanism",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 1,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Humanism"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dialect",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 1,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Dialect"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gender_equality",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 1,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Gender equality"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Language",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 1,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Language"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungary",
            "type": "loc",
            "score": 1,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Hungary"
            },
            "location": {
              "type": "country",
              "label": {
                "eng": "Hungary"
              }
            }
          }
        ],
        "categories": [
          {
            "uri": "dmoz/Arts/Music",
            "label": "dmoz/Arts/Music",
            "wgt": 100
          },
          {
            "uri": "dmoz/Arts/Music/Styles",
            "label": "dmoz/Arts/Music/Styles",
            "wgt": 100
          },
          {
            "uri": "dmoz/Arts/Music/Organizations",
            "label": "dmoz/Arts/Music/Organizations",
            "wgt": 100
          },
          {
            "uri": "news/Arts_and_Entertainment",
            "label": "news/Arts and Entertainment",
            "wgt": 59
          }
        ],
        "image": "https://montsame.mn/files/6380349ed502a.jpeg",
        "eventUri": null,
        "sentiment": 0.2313725490196079,
        "wgt": 407059860,
        "relevance": 1
      },
      {
        "uri": "7276419593",
        "lang": "eng",
        "isDuplicate": false,
        "date": "2022-11-24",
        "time": "16:15:00",
        "dateTime": "2022-11-24T16:15:00Z",
        "dateTimePub": "2022-11-24T16:15:00Z",
        "dataType": "news",
        "sim": 0,
        "url": "https://montsame.mn/en/read/308629",
        "title": "Studies on the legacy of Chinggis Khaan in the world history",
        "body": "Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/. Commemorating the 860th Anniversary of the birth of Chinggis Khaan and National Pride Day, the \"Chinggis Khaan Era\" scientific conference was held on November 23 at the Japan-Mongolia Center.\n\nDuring the conference and discussions organized by the Department of History and Department of Mongolian Language and Linguistics of the National University of Mongolia (NUM), scholars emphasized the need for Mongolians to study the legacy of Chinggis Khaan in the history of the world. Many countries of the world support Chinggis Khaan's studies through policies. Mongolia pays special attention to the field, one of the vivid testimonies of which has been the Chinggis Khaan Museum, established in 2022.\n\nDuring the discussion, Ph.D. P. Delgerjargal of the History Department of NUM gave a speech on the \"Chinggis Khaan Era.\" In his speech, he highlighted, \"A lot remains to be accomplished to study and publicize Chinggis Khaan's legacies. There is a compelling need to state the truth about Chinggis Khaan and the Mongol Empire, which often was distorted in world history. Lately, new theoretical and practical approaches immersed in Social Sciences enable a positive assessment of the role of nomads in history, which is important for casting a positive look at Chinggis Khaan's role in history. Indeed, the impact Mongol Empire of Chinggis Khaan on the cause of Global history is enormous.\"\n\nThe Head of the Department of Mongolian Language and Linguistics of NUM, Dr. B. Tuvshintugs, emphasized in his speech titled \"Chinggis Khaan and the Mongolian Language\" that learning the Mongolian language and many countries within the Mongol Empire were actively engaged in developing Mongolian language dictionary.\n\nThe evidence of such efforts is the development of various dictionaries of the Mongolian language with hieroglyph and Arabic characters and transcribing The Secret History of Mongols with hieroglyph characters. He continued, \"Mongolian script is used for state affairs with a history of more than 1,000 years as it is known for sure. In 1246, a letter from Guyug Khaan to the Pope of Rome carried the seal of Guyug Khaan in Mongol script. Today, the seal of the President of Mongolia is written in Mongol script. Eight hundred years ago, when the Mongols occupied and ruled the world, the Mongolian language was as popular as English today. There is evidence that people were trying to learn the Mongolian language using Mongolian-Arabic and Mongolian-Chinese dictionaries. Therefore, one of the messages we want to convey to our society through today's conference is to encourage our youth to learn this history and, if possible, to spread and enrich it.\"\n\nThe moderator of discussions, writer and poet G. Ayurzana, noted, \"Mongol pride is more about preserving the intellectual achievements Mongols attend in that era, and it is about inheriting this valuable legacy to our future generations. The significance of conferences, one of which we are holding today, lies precisely in spreading information knowledge that such legacies need to be maintained and preserved.\"\n\nThere was also agreed at the conference that the Department of History and Mongolian Language and Studies of NUM regularize this conference to organize annually on National Pride Day.",
        "source": {
          "uri": "montsame.mn",
          "dataType": "news",
          "title": "MONTSAME News Agency"
        },
        "authors": [],
        "concepts": [
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolian_language",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 5,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Mongolian language"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genghis_Khan",
            "type": "person",
            "score": 5,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Genghis Khan"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_Empire",
            "type": "loc",
            "score": 4,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Mongol Empire"
            },
            "location": null
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguistics",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 4,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Linguistics"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulaanbaatar",
            "type": "loc",
            "score": 3,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Ulaanbaatar"
            },
            "location": {
              "type": "place",
              "label": {
                "eng": "Ulaanbaatar"
              },
              "country": {
                "type": "country",
                "label": {
                  "eng": "Mongolia"
                }
              }
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_history",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 3,
            "label": {
              "eng": "World history"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_University_of_Mongolia",
            "type": "org",
            "score": 3,
            "label": {
              "eng": "National University of Mongolia"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongols",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 3,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Mongols"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolia",
            "type": "loc",
            "score": 3,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Mongolia"
            },
            "location": {
              "type": "country",
              "label": {
                "eng": "Mongolia"
              }
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolian_script",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Mongolian script"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_hieroglyphs",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Egyptian hieroglyphs"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seal_(emblem)",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Seal (emblem)"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dictionary",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Dictionary"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 2,
            "label": {
              "eng": "Nomad"
            }
          },
          {
            "uri": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Secret_History_of_the_Mongols",
            "type": "wiki",
            "score": 1,
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        "title": "D.Dorjgotov: Basic geographic research is the assurance of the nation's independence and the very being",
        "body": "The Supreme Decoration of the Mongolian State, the Order of Chinggis Khaan, acceptance speech by D. Dorjgotov.\n\nEsteemed Laureates of the Supreme Decoration of the Mongolian State, the Order of Chinggis Khaan, and fellow scientists and scholars,\n\nI would like to convey my profound appreciation and joy that the government greatly valued my selfless effort in the fields of geography and soil science for many years and that I was awarded the Supreme Decoration of the Mongolian State, the Order of Chinggis Khaan by the President's decree.\n\nThe fact that the government is presenting me with this prestigious award on behalf of hundreds of my fellow scientists and researchers shows a high evaluation, great trust, and deep respect for our industry at a time when science and technology are the guarantees of long-term sustainable development of any country and the catalyst for rapid development. I am sincerely appreciative and receive the award with profound gratitude.\n\nHistory of the vast empire founded by Great Chinggis Khaan, who was raised in the valley of the three rivers and the holy hearth of us Mongolians' ancestors, the Burkhan Khaldun, is inextricably tied to the mountains, rivers, and soil of nature.\n\nAs it is narrated in the Secret History of the Mongols, Chinggis Khaan searched for the best and most befitting conditions, the clearest of waters, the best of grass, the highest of mountains, and the most spacious of steppes, to establish the most powerful empire of nomads in the history when the world was shattering and the wars were destructing the world. Put in modern terms, the lands Chinggis Khaan ruled over are now our modern-day Gobi, Khangai, and the fertile terrains of the Mongol steppes. Therefore, the specific features of those lands' toponymy, the qualities, and features of the soil, their nutritional qualities, and their topographic and geological properties, also, occupy their own place in the writing of the great history. And it is one of the factors, precisely, the geographic factors have been at the focus of multi-faceted researches and history.\n\nThe scientists of our age have been ceaselessly working for 98 years to advance all areas of geography in our nation as they are acutely aware that basic geographic research is the assurance of the nation's independence and existence and I am grateful that I have moderately contributed over the past 60 years. I am proud of all of my colleagues.\n\nIn collaboration with my fellow scholars, I have developed the three editions of \"The National Atlas of Mongolia\", a scientific-graphic directory that contains comprehensive information on the territory, administrative structure, natural-geographical conditions, natural resources, population, history, culture, agriculture, social and economic aspects of our country, authored dozens of books and works on soil origin, classification, mapping, quality assessment, chemical-physical properties, fertility, and usage, along with conducting over 50 basic research and field analysis that nearly covered the entire territory of Mongolia. I also published major research works such as \"Ecological Atlas of the Baikal Lake basin\", and \"Selenge-Baikal Lake Regional Ecological and Geographic Atlas\".\n\nAs a result of this research, we are now able to categorize every type of soil in Mongolia in line with the current scientific standards, refine and validate our own resource estimation approach, and fostered the scientific knowledge to assess and safeguard their state on an ecosystem-scale.\n\nI want to express my sincere gratitude to the leadership of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, the academic staff at the Institute of Geography and Geoecology, my fellow researchers, lecturers, and students of the National University of Mongolia, the Mongolian State University of Education and the Mongolian University of Life Sciences and my family for their confidence in me, cooperation, and support to complete all these works.\n\nHonorable Mongol state and my dear people, I, an aged scholar, wholeheartedly urge you to respect, cherish, and preserve the pristine Mongol land you were born to by the will of destiny, from generation to generation to come.",
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        "title": "Citizens on the Anniversary of the Birth of Chinggis Khaan",
        "body": "Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/. Every first day of the initial winter month, according to the Mongolia Lunar Calendar marks the birth anniversary of the Great Chinggis Khaan. On this particular day, we briefly talked with a few citizens about their views on Chinggis Khaan.\n\n\"Chinggis Khaan is the Man of the Millennium. He was a sincere person who kept his word. He excelled in ruling politics. We know from the history of the world that there are many ways to govern. However, Chinggis Khaan ruled by heart, making his enemies his friend. We should be proud that such an emperor was the one in the world.\" - Kh. Enkhtuvshin, Ulaanbaatar city.\n\n\"Because of this person, we have the land to step on, the air to breathe, and the mother language to speak. Whenever I am traveling, I am proud to say that I am the descendant of the Great Chinggis Khaan.\" - E. Khongorzul, Khentii aimag.\n\n\"I read the \"Secret History of the Mongols\" many times in my childhood. The philosophies and teachings of Chinggis Khaan are still relevant today. Therefore, the birth anniversary of our Great Khaan is solemnly celebrated all over the country.\" - B. Choijindorj, Darkhan-Uul aimag.\n\n\"After the presidential decree on the portrait of Chinggis Khaan, every secondary school and organization of our Gobi-Altai aimag followed the decree. I would like to urge all the children and youth to study the philosophy and history of Chinggis Khaan.\" - Z. Gantulga, Gobi-Altai aimag.\n\n\"I have been interested in the world and Mongolian history since childhood. In 1996, Washington Post declared Chinggis Khaan as Man of the Millennium 1996. The UN General Assembly adopted a special resolution in November 2005 to celebrate the 800th anniversary of the foundation of the Great Mongol Empire worldwide. I participated in the essay contest about Chinggis Khaan in 12th grade and took 3rd place\" - B.Battushig, Ulaanbaatar city.",
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        "title": "President U.Khurelsukh: Mongolia should lead the world in Chinggis Khaan studies",
        "body": "Address by President of Mongolia H.E. Ukhnaagiin Khurelsukh at the special session of the State Great Khural dedicated to the 860th Anniversary of the birth of the Great Chinggis Khaan.\n\nMy fellow countrymen, living all over the world, from where the sun rises to where it sets,\n\nEsteemed Speaker of the State Great Hural and Prime Minister,\n\nI wish to extend my greetings to you on the occasion of the 860th Anniversary of the birth of the Great Chinggis Khaan - the great leader in the history of the humankind, the founder of the modern world, the Man of the Millennium and the source of the lasting pride of the Mongolian people.\n\nThe Eternal Blue Sky bestowed upon us the Great Chinggis Khaan - the King of Kings of great genius.\n\nEight centuries ago the Great Chinggis Khaan was born as Temuujin, the eldest son of the Mongolian nobleman and warrior Yesukhei, and the wise queen Oelun at the chest of the sacred mountain Burkhan Khaldun, at the basin of the three rivers of eternal spring water.\n\nTemuujin unified the scattered Mongolian tribes and established the Great Mongolian State, strengthened the golden tether of statehood dating back to the Hun dynasty, rekindled the hearth of the Mongolian state, and was exalted as the Great Chinggis Khaan recognized all over the world.\n\nChinggis Khaan is the guardian of the independence and the very being and existence of the Mongolian nation, the source of our people's pride, and the great emperor of today and forever.\n\nConsolidating the traditions of statehood of our forefathers, inheriting the wisdom to govern the state and the people, winning the hearts of its people and honing their trust and confidence, aware of the past, sensible of the present and discerning about the future, this man was a genius who made invaluable contributions to the shaping of the history of the world.\n\nThe thirty years of struggle for unity, of quest for peace, of crafting the rule of law, and of eventually emerging as a Great Khaan of heavenly might from a humble young man wasn't easy.\n\nAbandoned by relatives and kinfolk, knowing the pain of loss at young age, Chinggis Khaan unified the scattered nomadic tribes and founded the Great Mongol State thanks to perseverance, courage, fortitude of mind, wisdom and the power of his will.\n\nChinggis Khaan's founding of the Great Mongol State was an event of unprecedented and unparalleled nature in the world history where the peoples of the world enjoyed harmony and accord peacefully co-existing under the Eternal Blue Sky.\n\nThe Great Mongolian State, built by Chinggis Khan, marked two centuries in the history of humankind as \"Mongolian centuries\".\n\nThe Great Mongolian State strengthened its unity, enhanced its statehood, promoted the rule of law, put an end to wars and conflicts across Asia and Europe, established peace in the world, and expanded into an empire that was admired by the world for its greatness.\n\nEncyclopedia Britannica notes that the territory of the Mongol Empire accounted for 23 million square kilometers from the Pacific Ocean in the east to the Persian Gulf and the Danube River in the west, representing the largest land area in the history of the world.\n\nEven today, the world continues to study with interest how the Mongols of Chinggis, numbered so few, with a nomadic civilization, were able for two centuries to keep the people unified and govern millions of people of different languages, cultures and religions, dispersed throughout a vast territory.\n\nWe, Mongols, take profound pride in the fact that the entire humankind, including the global leaders have constantly studied and learned from the genius, history, ideals and causes of the Supreme Khaan of the Mongols.\n\nThe first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, praised Chinggis Khaan as \"undoubtedly a military genius and leader, on par with Alexander of Macedonia and Julius Caesar in the history of the world\", and as \"a man who valued peace, rather than war, despite his military superiority.\"\n\nIndeed, the empire he established was unparalleled in military science, might and the art of warfare, yet, it had always sought and honored law, peace and harmony in ruling its huge empire of a multitude of nations.\n\nIn 1995, the Washington Post named Chinggis Khaan as the \"Man of the Millennium\", in recognition of the contributions Chinggis Khaan and his successors made eight centuries ago in overcoming political, economic, religious, and civilizational wars and conflicts and proclaiming the \"Pax Mongolica\".\n\nThe establishment of the \"Pax Mongolica\", enabled the people of Eurasia to focus more on creating, building, construing, developing and studying. Hence, many areas of science, culture and education were developed, including mathematics, medicine, philosophy, astronomy, history, geography, literature, music, visual arts and architecture. In addition, land and water maps were made, and new advanced methods and technologies of military warfare, animal husbandry, and agriculture were developed.\n\nAlso, the transportation and communication system of that time got a tremendous boost by connecting vast areas by Urtoo, the horse relay stations.\n\nChinggis Khaan and his successors developed the Silk Road and ensured its security, thus boosting trade and commerce to flourish in vast areas from the Korean Peninsula to the Mediterranean Sea, introduced paper money into circulation and made significant contributions to the development of world economy.\n\nHistorians and researchers view that the Great Mongol State was the political and economic center of the world at that time. The City of Kharkhorum stands out as a historical and cultural heritage to testify this assertion.\n\nIn 1220, Chinggis Khaan issued a decree to establish the city of Kharkhorum and to move the capital of the Great Mongol State.\n\nKharkhorum was the center of many religions and civilizations, where scholars, artists, artisans, merchants, and envoys of kings and nobles from many countries lived or sojourned on a visit.\n\nDemocratic ideals and values flourished under the patronage of the Mongol Empire.\n\nWhen Eurasian countries came under the rule of the Mongol state in terms of land, politics, economy and social structure, the walls of civilization and ideology that divided countries and regions fell down, and it was for the first time that many peoples and nations experienced comfortable and peaceful co-existance with each other with mutual respect and understanding.\n\nAlthough the Great Mongol State at that time was a monarchy with unlimited power, it embraced and upheld the principles of democracy.\n\nA clear example of that was the city of Kharkhorum, the capital city, where 12 temples, churches and mosques of various religions, including Buddhist, Christian and Muslim, coexisted and freely functioned, and representatives of various religions met and debated. That occurred for the first time in world history.\n\nThis was made possible due to the fact that the diversity of worldviews, beliefs, and religions of various peoples of that time was not banned or infringed upon, but rather their values were treated with respect, which was preserved in the history of humankind and passed down as one of fundamental principles of the modern civilization.\n\nSince the Great Chinggis Khan was a man of the world who founded the Eurasian Empire, his biographies have been written and printed in many languages in various countries since the 13th century.\n\nTherefore, leaders of many countries, renowned scholars and religious leaders recognize that the history of Chinggis Khan is not only the history of Mongols, but also the history of the world.\n\nIn the famous book entitled \"Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World\" written in 2004, Jack Weatherford, renowned American scholar, emphasized that \"Genghis Khan is the great king who laid the groundwork of the ideals and foundation of the modern world.\"\n\nThis famous work attracted the world's attention and re-acquainted humanity with the great story of Genghis Khan, and was selected as a bestseller of the New York Times.\n\nAlso, Jack Weatherford wrote, \"P. Carpini and V. Rubruk, who visited Mongolia in the 13th century, applauded how the laws, enforced by Chinggis Khaan, were adhered to, and they wrote on a number of occasions how Mongolians respected and followed the laws established by Emperor Chinggis Khan.\"\n\nJ. Chaucer, an English writer of the 14th century, called Chinggis Khaan the \"Great King\" of the law. According to him, Chinggis Khaan was a leader who was loyal to the law he had sworn to. He wrote that the most extraordinary thing was the fact that powerful kings of that time put themselves above the law, whereas Chinggis Khaan obeyed the law equally.\n\nPaul Pelliot, a French scientist and a well-known Orientalist, concluded the period of Chinggis Khaan's conquest as \"the unprecedented great miracle.\"\n\nFurthermore, on the 800th anniversary of founding the Great Mongolian State, the President of the Republic of Korea and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Kim Dae-jung wrote: \"Chinggis Khaan's achievements have the following historical significance: First, he created land and sea routes connecting East and West. Second, he had played an important role in the spread of Christianity and Islamic religion to the East. Third, he influenced the spread of geography, astronomy, mathematics, and mapping technology to the West. Fourth, by intensifying the cultural and economic exchange between East and West, he changed the future development course of the world\".\n\nThe XIV Dalai Lama underscored that \"The renowned Great Mongol Empire was founded in 1206 after the various Mongolian tribes gathered together and proclaimed Chinggis Khaan their leader. What he went on to achieve, he did through a determined exercise of courage and physical strength. Today, it is fitting to remember with pride what he accomplished for Mongolian independence, unity and freedom. Taking inspiration from his example, I urge you to apply a similar determination in extending education in your country, in furthering not only material progress, but also in fostering the important values of inner development.\"\n\nPope Benedict XVI wrote in 2006, \"Through his personality Chinggis Khaan made a marvelous contribution to the recognition by the world of the political, social and cultural specificities of the Mongolian people. From 1206 to the present, there have been significant changes in human development, yet it is beyond doubt that Chinggis Khaan's contribution to the Great Mongolian State and its relations with other civilizations will remain significant. It is critical not only to study this important achievement, but also to duly mingle the rightful national pride as a model in relations with civilizations of other peoples\".\n\nThe President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin, stressed that, \"The Mongolian State, founded by Chinggis Khaan, had a great impact on the course of the world history.\"\n\nJapanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi cited the conclusion of scholar Okada Hidehiro to the effect that \"During the time of the Mongol Empire, which ruled the lands of Eurasia, a general concept of the \"world\" had originated leading to the creation of the world history,\" and further stressed that \"Also, considering Chinggis Khaan's policies such as appointing talented and learned foreigners to high positions, introducing a common currency, and exercising freedom of religion, the Mongolian Empire was a pioneer of globalization. Junichiro Koizumi further concluded that \"even from a historical viewpoint, the reality of Chinggis Khaan, who started a new era in history, would reveal much more about the world at that time\".\n\nHosni Mubarak, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, mentioned that \"The historical role of this great leader was not confined only to the unification of Mongol tribes and the establishment of the Great Mongol State, he had a profound influence on the change of the world map to be redrawn during the late Middle Ages.\n\nMoreover, historians unanimously agree that Chinggis Khaan was a great political thinker, brilliant military leader, and possessed strong leadership skills, which are all reflected in the advanced civil and military systems he established during his rule as well as the law and order that continued long after him.\n\nChinggis Khan was able to establish the Mongol Empire, one of the greatest empires in history, within a few years. As his fame spread throughout the world, historians have included his name in the list of the world's greatest leaders along with Ramses II, Thutmose III, Alexander the Great and Caesar. His empire stretched from the Pacific Ocean to the Black Sea and from Siberia to the northern border of Southeast Asia.\n\nDespite the prevailing perception of Chinggis Khaan and his successors as great leaders in Egypt and the region, in some parts of Islamic world, he is remembered as a usurper who overthrew the Khwarazmian Empire and captured Khwarasm, Samarkand, and Bukhara, as well as occupied Khorasan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, and Al Mashreq.\n\nNevertheless, it is more appropriate to assess such a leader not by the prevailing criteria of today, but of that time. By the criteria of his time, Chinggis Khaan was renowned as a great leader and conqueror.\n\nHe unified his nation, transforming a few scattered tribes into a powerful state and then a great empire on vast territories. Even after his death, his successors continued to expand the empire. Their military forces crossed the Danube River and reached the borders of present-day Germany.\"\n\nRecep Erdoğan, President of the Republic of Turkey, \"The Mongol Empire founded in 1206 was the largest contiguous land empire that the world has known, a well-established fact that will no doubt continue to feature prominently in the annals of the history of mankind. The great Chinggis Khaan went into history not only as the leader that founded this vast Empire, but also as the greatest military mastermind of all time that extended the territories of that State to infinite greatness.\n\nIn 1206 Chinggis Khaan gained the stature of the founder and the sovereign of a worldwide empire, thus leaving behind the era of tribal chieftainship.\n\nChinggis Khaan left a vast State stretching from the Black Sea to the Pacific Ocean as legacy when he died in 1227.\n\nThe Mongol Empire thus owed a lot to its founder, the great Chinggis Khan, who made inroads in histories of many nations, be it a friend or foe, with his reputation of being a great commander who could project force to wherever he pleased.\n\nModern Mongolia is destined to prosper as an active member of the contemporary world, given its vast territory of more than 1.5 million sq. km., its young and dynamic population, and its rapidly evolving reform process launched in 1990s.\n\nMongolia has managed to preserve its distinctive place in world history and world cultural heritage.\"\n\nBill Clinton, Former President of the United States, also noted that \"Since the unification of the Mongol State by Chinggis Khaan in 1206, Mongolians have always deeply cherished their independence and freedom.\"\n\nJacques Chirac, President of France, describing Chinggis Khaan and his deeds, said, \"I have not yet fully explored and learned about the great conqueror, who shook the world, a highly cultured visionary and a shaper of his society.\"\n\nChinggis Khaan dismantled the tribal system, created national unity, and laid the foundations of the Mongolian nation that will last for generations.\n\nHe established peace, ensured the security of the Silk Road, and provided an opportunity to develop trade as well as intellectual and cultural exchanges.\n\nAccording to historians, one of Chinggis Khaan's important legacies, the Pax Mongolica, allowed relations between Europe and Asia to flourish for centuries.\n\nIt was concluded that \"Chinggis Khaan has become a modern legendary hero, and his power and legacy continue to be immortalized in a combination of fear and admiration from generation to generation.\"\n\nIn 2005, on the occasion of the 800th anniversary of the establishment of the Great Mongol Empire, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a resolution urging its member countries to celebrate the contribution of Mongolians to the history of mankind.\n\nIn this resolution, the General Assembly recognized that \"The Great Mongol State influenced, inter alia, societies across Asia and Europe and, in turn, absorbed influences from both East and West in a true interchange of human values; played important role in the development of extensive trade networks and the creation of large administrative, cultural, religious and commercial centers; and promoted dialogue and interaction among all forms of civilization.\" It also emphasized \"the ever-increasing significance and relevance of a culture of living in harmony with nature, which is inherent in nomadic civilization, in today's world.\"\n\nIt is evident from the speeches, researches and literature written by these well-known individuals that Chinggis Khaan and his successors deeply valued peace, ensured harmony under the rule of law, spread democratic ideals that fostered religion and equality, promoted development in many fields, including trade, communications, culture and science, and created the initial concept of diplomatic service and exchange of envoys. They laid the foundation for the values and ideals that we uphold today and have planted the root for modern-day globalization.\n\nThe Great Chinggis Khaan always kept the history and legacy of his ancestors in his heart, when he led his country. He was a visionary emperor and a father who shared his wisdom with his children and people.\n\nPenelope Aubin, a famous English writer and interpreter of the 18th century, translated a book about Chinggis Khaan and presented it to the Prince of Wales, where she described Chinggis Khaan \"not only as a pious, just and humble king, but also a wonderful husband, a good father, a loyal friend, a kind lord, and a wise general\".\n\nHe was a great man and emperor who treated his fellow people like his own children, respected the soldiers and scholars as brothers, and provided shelters to orphans and the poor. He was generous and distributed his wealth, placed his people, the state, and mothers above all, and deeply valued honesty.\n\nThe Great Chinggis Khaan taught us not to entrust state affairs to anyone who does not admit what he said, a shameless person who can't control himself, let alone others, and a sly, cruel, dishonest person with greed for wealth and power.\n\nThese teachings should continue to be the basic principle and practice of public service.\n\nHonorable citizens, descendants of our Great Emperor,\n\nThe Great Khaan ignited our national pride, that has the ability to unite all the hearts that beat for Mongolia, with his power and glory.\n\nThe admirable merits and proud deeds of the emperor in the history of Mongolia is immeasurable, and it is a value that strengthens the intellectual immunity of the Mongolian people and unites the Mongolian nation.\n\nWe, Mongolians, are aware of our responsible and sacred duty in guarding the birthplace of our Great Chinggis Khaan and the hearth of all Mongolians around the world, and shall remember and pass on to the future generations that we must spare no effort in preserving, studying, researching and spreading the great heritage of our Great Khaan.\n\nTherefore, the President of Mongolia issued a decree, urging every Mongolian to be aware that they are the guardians of the Great Mongol Empire's hearth and home, and for Mongolian government, every household and organizations to honor the Chinggis Khaan's portrait, to honor and follow Chinggis Khan's teachings, deeds, and wisdom, to pass on the state's values and heritage to his successors, to maintain harmony, and to contribute to the prosperity of the country.\n\nChinggis Khaan accomplished more than thousands of leaders could ever accomplish in a lifetime and he left behind a vast and rich heritage for mankind.\n\nIt is a pleasure to note and celebrate on this historic day, today, the strides and achievements made by the government, heads of state, presidents, scholars, citizens, and relevant organizations in terms of promoting, disseminating, and reporting on the legacy and deeds of Great Chinggis Khaan abroad and domestically.\n\nThis year, on the occasion of the 860th anniversary of the birth of our Great Khaan, we, Mongolians, have successfully built and opened the Chinggis Khaan Museum & Cultural Center, which showcases history of Great Chinggis Khaan, his ancestors and successors, despite the difficult times of the pandemic.\n\nAlso, the international scientific conference entitled \"The World of Chinggis Khaan and Mongolian Studies\" was organized in Ulaanbaatar and the International Association of Chinggis Khaan Studies was established this year.\n\nThis international association and the Chinggis Khaan museum aim to scientifically study, disseminate and publicize the great Khaan's contribution to the development of humanity, his state ethics, historical and cultural heritage, expand the scope of Chinggis Khaan studies, activate the cooperation of scientists from many countries of the world and implement joint projects and programs.\n\nMongolia should lead the world in Chinggis Khaan studies.\n\nWorld renowned individuals, intellectuals, scholars, and writers have spent several centuries learning and studying all the great deeds and accomplishments achieved by the Great Khaan since his birth.\n\nTherefore, it is important to train and prepare specialized research scholars who will work on the study of Chinggis Khaan and the Mongol Empire at the international level through government policy.\n\nAs Chinggis Khaan studies develop, scholars and scribes of many countries will recognize, appreciate and acknowledge the great contribution of the Great Khaan to the development of mankind and the history of the world, and the true story about the Emperor and the Mongols will spread to the world.\n\nThe more we aspire to build a strong and developed country, the more we should strive to learn from our history, the knowledge and wisdom of our ancestors, and strengthen the golden bond of the past, present, and future.\n\nThe future generations of Mongolia should never forget that our independent country, freedom, vast territory, people, pride, history and culture are inextricably linked with the glory of the Great Khaan, honor and follow the teachings of our Emperor.\n\nThe Great Chinggis Khaan was able to establish the Great Mongol Empire and brought world peace. He made history by following his teachings to \"Aim for the high mountains, cross the wide ocean, do not despair because it is far, you will reach it, do not get discouraged because it is big, you can cross it, do not be scared because it is heavy, you can lift it.\"\n\nToday, Mongolians can author great deeds and build a strong nation, if we cherish and strictly follow this wisdom of our Supreme Khaan, work hard for our country and become the masters of our destiny.\n\nI encourage every Mongolian to respect and worship our great Khaan, to protect, from the bottom of our hearts, our freedom, independence and unity - the apple of our eyes, and remember every morning, strive every day, and contemplate every night that we are the continuation of the Great Khaan's great legacy.\n\nOn behalf of the people of Mongolia, the descendants of the Great Khaan, we would like to extend our greetings to the world on the anniversary of the birth of Chinggis Khaan, the Man of the Millennium, one of the founders of modern world, and the King of Kings.",
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        "title": "Jack Weatherford: This is the century that Mongolia can help the world move closer to the dream of Chinggis Khaan",
        "body": "The Supreme Decoration of the Mongolian State, the Order of Chinggis Khaan, acceptance speech by Jack Weatherford,\n\n\"Thank you, Mr. President and Distinguished Officials of Mongolia.\n\nThe greatest heroes of history have always been the lawmakers. Shakyamuni the Buddha, gave us the Dharma of Enlightenment, the Wheel of Law. Confucius devised the civil law of the family and state. Moses gave God's laws of behavior to the Jews. Jesus spread the law to the Christians, and the final prophet Muhammad ended the era of great religious law givers.\n\nChinggis Khaan did not start a new religion. Instead, he gave the law of the Eternal Blue Sky granting freedom to all religions. Each religion was like one finger of God, and the Eternal Blue Sky united all of them into one -- into one dream of a united and peaceful world. The world today is still struggling to achieve that goal. We are now in the ninth century of the struggle to fulfill Chinggis Khan's law and dream of the Great Mongolian Peace.\n\nNine is the most auspicious of numbers. This is the century that Mongolia can help the world move closer to the dream of Chinggis Khaan. Mongolia is the center of world history, the homeland of Chinggis Khaan, and you are the guardians of his memory and legacy. I am deeply honored that you allow me to join you in your great work.\n\nAs I flew to Mongolia this week, I watched out the airplane window as we passed Khentii, I knew in my heart that this was how the land looked on the day that Mother Hoelun brought her child into the world. The Eternal Blue Sky itself welcomed her child with a pure white hadag of snow placed across this country from end to end.\n\nI thank you, and I pray: May the Golden Light of the Eternal Blue Sky forever bless this Sacred Nation of Chinggis Khaan.",
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        "title": "President U. Khurelsukh: \"Chinggis Khaan is a symbol of unity and an assurance of Mongolia's sovereignty\"",
        "body": "Address by the President of Mongolia at the awards ceremony of the Order of Chinggis Khaan:\n\n\"Fellow Mongolians, descendants of the homeland of the Great Mongol Empire,\n\nFellow Mongol brothers and sisters in every corner of the world,\n\nAllow me to extend my sincere felicitations on this joyous occasion of \"National Pride Day\" celebrating the 860 birth anniversary of the Man of the Millennium, the great military general, the king of kings, the Great Chinggis Khaan, whose deeds have laid the foundation of the modern-day world.\n\nGreat Chinggis Khaan is a symbol of unity and an assurance of Mongolia's sovereignty: the spiritual golden thread of the past, the present, and the future of Mongols.\n\nChinggis Khaan united all Mongol tribes, established the Great Mongol Empire, bound and transcended the historical and traditional way of golden Mongol rule, and left a lasting imprint in our history whose extraordinary deeds will be forever remembered for generations to come.\n\nThe history of Chinggis Khaan is not only the history of Mongols, but it is also the history of the world.\n\nGreat Khaan and his successors stopped raging wars and conflicts among many states of Europe and Asia that plunged the vast terrains of Eurasia. \"Pax Mongolica\" allowed to strengthen of relations and unity among countries and people and enabled favorable conditions not only for societies to prosper and develop but also to advance their philosophies, religion, culture and arts, sciences, and trade in peaceful coexistence.\n\nThe wisdom and deeds of the Great Khaan made a lasting impact on the advancement and development of the world, who made a significant contribution to the foundation of the modern-day world and is remembered for centuries in the history of mankind.\n\nThe Great Khaan's teachings through his great deeds and his life story on the values of Mongol unity have left a legacy for generations to be remembered for eternity.\n\nThus, it is imperative for us to continue to follow our Great Khaan's teachings and wisdom, for it is our sacred duty to continue to study and promote the great history and inherent legacy to maintain the homeland of the Great Mongol Empire ever vigilant.\n\nIt is, therefore, a great tradition for the President of Mongolia to award the Supreme Decoration of the Mongolian State, the Order of Chinggis Khaan to citizens, bands, legal entities, foreign citizens, public and social servants, whose extraordinary deeds made a huge contribution in fulfilling this legacy.\n\nThis year, it is my honor and privilege to award Dr. Jack Weatherford, an American researcher, and Dr. Dorjgotov Dechingungaa with the Order of Chinggis Khaan, who have made a tremendous contribution, one for promoting the history of Mongols in a scientific and evidence-based way to the world and another for making a significant contribution to the environmental and climate studies of the soil and lands bequeathed by the Great Khaan to Mongolian people.\n\nProfessor Jack Weatherford is an internationally distinguished scholar and a researcher from the United States of America, who has published dozens of books and publications on the political history of the United States, the history and culture of Mongolia along with the history of Chinggis Khaan and Great Mongol Empire.\n\nIn 2004, Dr. Weatherford published \"Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World\", becoming the New York Times bestselling author, whose book has been sold over 300,000 copies and printed into over twenty languages.\n\nHis work corrects many of the distorted misconceptions about Chinggis Khaan in the world history and proclaimed Chinggis Khaan as the great Khaan who laid the foundations for the modern-day free and open trade, exchange of knowledge and know-how, international law, diplomatic immunity, religious freedom, political system free of church and religion.\n\nDr. Weatherford's book \"The Secret History of Mongol Queens: How the Daughters of Genghis Khan Rescued His Empire\" published in 2010, had made a valuable contribution to popularize the fact that Mongol queens and women have played a significant role and left a clear mark with their actions and wisdom in the history for centuries. While his book \"Genghis Khan and the Quest for God\" published in 2016, also narrates Chinggis Khaan's value of freedom of religion, which had been introduced for the first time in the history of mankind, and how other world leaders have learned and followed Great Khaan's example of progressive and democratic values.\n\nSince 1998, he visited Mongolia on multiple occasions, organized more than 40 field research projects and expeditions, traveled to the historical places of the Secret History of the Mongols, cooperated with Mongolian academics, and made an important contribution to Genghis Khan studies and Mongolian studies.\n\nMoreover, in 2010, the \"Jack Weatherford Foundation\" was established to support young Mongolian researchers, to correct distorted historical notions, and to spread the knowledge about Mongolian history. The foundation has done many important works in the field of Mongolian studies and grants the \"Jack Weatherford Award\".\n\nYour works reviewing and evaluating the role of Chinggis Khaan, his successors, and Mongolian queens in the history of the world have re-introduced the concept about Mongolians to the modern world, increased the international value of Chinggis Khaan and the Mongolian nation, promoted Mongolian history and culture to the world and play a special role in the development of Chinggis Khaan studies and Mongolian studies. I express our gratitude to you and wish you the best of luck in your future academic endeavors.\n\nAcademician D. Dorjgotov is our famous soil scientist-agrochemical scientist, and he developed basic theoretical research on the origin, geography, classification, characteristics, fertility, and quality assessment of soil in Mongolia, and laid the foundation of soil science in Mongolia.\n\nHe worked exclusively on soil mapping, which is important for applying the results of basic soil research, and in 1975 he created and published the first soil map of Mongolia, and also created the first soil map based on satellite photography, depicting the soil typology, spatial structure, and distribution.\n\nHis research is rightfully appraised as a rare and valuable work of cartography as it made it possible to estimate all types of soil resources in our country.\n\nFurthermore, academician D. Dorjgotov since 1984 participated and organized the work of the team of scientists and researchers who have created the first \"National Atlas of Mongolia\". In 1990, he printed the first national atlas in Russian and Mongolian languages called \"National Atlas of the Mongolian People's Republic\", including about 300 maps and diagrams divided into 16 thematic groups. In 2009 and 2022, he led the republishing of the \"National Atlas of Mongolia\".\n\nThis \"National Atlas of Mongolia\" contains comprehensive information on the territory, administrative structure, natural-geographical conditions, natural resources, population, history, culture, agriculture, and social and economic aspects of our country. It is highly valued by professional scientists at the international level as it has become a comprehensive cartographic work of invaluable importance for research, knowledge, theory, and practice.\n\nMoreover, he published his major works such as \"Map and Atlas of the Mongolian Ecosystem\" in 1995 and 2005, \"Ecological Atlas of the Baikal Lake Basin\" in 2015, and \"Atlas of the Ecosystem of Mongolia\" in 2019. It was a significant innovative step in the development of ecology, eco-geochemistry, ecosystem and environmental science, and the introduction of the results of research and development work.\n\nAlso, the research team led by academician D.Dorjgotov exclusively studied the modern issues of environmental pollution, climate, ecosystem change, and ecological-geochemical state. His team performed many important tasks and developed recommendations for technological solutions such as \"Ulaanbaatar City Environment and Pollution Overview\" in 1999, \"Survey of soil pollution around drinking water sources in Ulaanbaatar\" in 2004, \"Geoecological study of Darkhan area\" in 2009, \"Survey of soil pollution around Ulaanbaatar city\" in 2010, \"Environmental and ecogeochemical research of major mining and industrial centers in the Seleng Basin\" in 2015, and, the \"State Standard for Maximum Permissible Amount of Soil Pollutants\" in 2008.\n\nAcademician D. Dorjgotov worked diligently to prepare the succession of advanced specialized research scientists and to educate young students. During his 20 years of working as a professor and head of the department at the Mongolian State University and the Mongolian State University of Education he supervised the academic work of 20 doctors and 4 doctors of science.\n\nDear academician D. Dorjgotov, I would like to express my deep gratitude to you for devoting sixty years of your life to soil science, geography, cartography, and environmental studies and for your valuable contribution to the development of science in Mongolia. I wish you the best of luck in your academic endeavors.\n\nDear Honorable scientists and sages receiving the Supreme Decoration of the Mongolian State, the Order of Chinggis Khaan, the Mongolian government pays you great respect and perpetuates your great academic works and deeds.",
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